Research topic (Back)

X-Ray imaging

Pathologies in the vascular system (angiopathies), and in particular those concerning the heart (cardiopathies) are the first death cause in Europe. They are mostly due to stenosis formations: lipids deposits reduce or occlude the vessels. The consequences can be very serious especially when they impact arteries that are as crucial to the organisms life as coronaries (which provide the heart in oxygen).
X-Ray imaging offers a minimally invasive mean to diagnostic and to treat such malformations. The clinician introduces through the patient's groin the interventional tools he needs, and handles them remotely, guiding his gesture based on the images acquired with X-Rays.

General Electric Innova imaging system

X-Ray image formation

Difficult interventional images

The X-Ray imaging system can be used both for diagnostic or interventional purposes. In the first case relatively high radiation are allowed, resulting in well contrasted images. On the other hand, interventional exams are carried out under limited radiation and must thus be digitally denoised.

Typical image for diagnostic exams

Typical image for difficult fluoroscopic exams

Since spatio-temporal denoising techniques present difficult problems of noise coloration, our work focuses on pure temporal filtering only. My PhD aims at overcoming the main limitation of temporal filters: its unability to handle motions. (More)

Transparent images

Layer model

Transparent fluoroscopic image

Because of the physics of the X-Rays, the clinical images are transparent. For instance, we can see on the example above the heart superimposed to the diaphragm, the lungs, the spine, the ribs and the interventional devices. (More)

Thus, original methods, tackling specifically the transparency issue, must be developped to answer the two following questions:

    How can we estimate the motions present in the image?
    How can we use that information in an efficient temporal denoising?

Our contributions on these two topics are briefly introduced in the next page.