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N. Bertrand, J. Fearnley, S. Schewe. Bounded Satisfiability for PCTL. In proceedings of the 21st EACSL Annual Conferences on Computer Science Logic (CSL'12), LIPIcs, Pages 92-106, Fontainebleau, France, September 2012.

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While model checking PCTL for Markov chains is decidable in polynomial-time, the decidability of PCTL satisfiability, as well as its finite model property, are long standing open problems. While general satisfiability is an intriguing challenge from a purely theoretical point of view, we argue that general solutions would not be of interest to practitioners: such solutions could be too big to be implementable or even infinite. Inspired by bounded synthesis techniques, we turn to the more applied problem of seeking models of a bounded size: we restrict our search to implementable - and therefore reasonably simple - models. We propose a procedure to decide whether or not a given PCTL formula has an implementable model by reducing it to an SMT problem. We have implemented our techniques and found that they can be applied to the practical problem of sanity checking - a procedure that allows a system designer to check whether their formula has an unexpectedly small model


Nathalie Bertrand http://www.irisa.fr/prive/nbertran/

BibTex Reference

   Author = {Bertrand, N. and Fearnley, J. and Schewe, S.},
   Title = {Bounded Satisfiability for PCTL},
   BookTitle = {proceedings of the 21st EACSL Annual Conferences on Computer Science Logic (CSL'12)},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {92--106},
   Series = {LIPIcs},
   Address = {Fontainebleau, France},
   Month = {September},
   Year = {2012}

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